Oil & Gas Resources

2014 WSGS Oil & Gas Summary Report

Wyoming’s geologic past included a fortuitous overlap of biology, geology, and geography that resulted in large hydrocarbon resources. Wyoming was repeatedly covered in shallow seaways, especially during the Permian Period (~278–253 million years ago) and later during the Cretaceous Period (~124–65 million years ago). Large amounts of biological material (microscopic plants and animals) accumulated in these seaways. Subsequent burial, with increased pressures and temperatures, allowed the organic material to mature into hydrocarbons. The hydrocarbons migrated in the subsurface through fractures and porous sandstones and were ultimately trapped underground throughout Wyoming’s basins. These traps are currently Wyoming’s oil and gas fields.
(click here to learn more about Wyoming basins)

InfoAdditional Information:


-Oil & Gas Exploration

-Unconventional Reservoirs

-Coalbed Natural Gas

-Enhanced Oil Recovery

-Hydraulic Fracturing

-Oil & Natural Gas Uses

InfoInjection Wells and Earthquakes:

-Potential link between injection and disposal well activities